United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 21

Questions 21 – 23 refer to the excerpts below.

“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.”

President Harry Truman, address before a joint session of Congress articulating what would become known as the Truman Doctrine, 1947

“We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace…. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

President Ronald Reagan, speech at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, 1987

The statements of both Truman and Reagan share the same goal of

(A) restraining communist military power and ideological influence
(B) creating alliances with recently decolonized nations
(C) reestablishing the principle of isolationism
(D) avoiding a military confrontation with the Soviet Union

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Test ID: 1967
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