United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 34

Questions 34 – 36 refer to the excerpt below.

“The colonizers brought along plants and animals new to the Americas, some by design and others by accident. Determined to farm in a European manner, the colonists introduced their domesticated livestock—honeybees, pigs, horses, mules, sheep, and cattle—and their domesticated plants, including wheat, barley, rye, oats, grasses, and grapevines. But the colonists also inadvertently carried pathogens, weeds, and rats. . . . In sum, the remaking of the Americas was a team effort by a set of interdependent species led and partially managed (but never fully controlled) by European people.”

Alan Taylor, historian, American Colonies, 2001

The export of New World crops to the Old World transformed European society mostly by

(A) improving diets and thereby stimulating population growth
(B) encouraging enclosure of open lands and pushing workers off of farms
(C) promoting greater exploration of the interior of the American continents
(D) fostering conflicts among major powers over access to new food supplies

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Test ID: 1990