United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 43

Questions 43 – 44 refer to the excerpt below.

“My purpose is not to persuade children from their parents; men from their wives; nor servants from their masters: only, such as with free consent may be spared: But that each [English] parish, or village, in city or country, that will but apparel their fatherless children, of thirteen or fourteen years of age, or young married people, that have small wealth to live on; here by their labor may live exceeding well: provided always that first there be sufficient power to command them, . . . and sufficient masters (as carpenters, masons, fishers, fowlers, gardeners, husbandmen, sawyers, smiths, spinsters, tailors, weavers, and such like) to take ten, twelve, or twenty, or as is their occasion, for apprentices. The masters by this may quickly grow rich; these [apprentices] may learn their trades themselves, to do the like; to a general and an incredible benefit for king, and country, master, and servant.”

John Smith, English adventurer, A Description of New England, 1616

The excerpt would be most useful to historians as a source of information about which of the following?

(A) The interaction of English colonial settlers with native populations in the early seventeenth century
(B) The harsh realities of life in the early seventeenth-century American colonies, including illness, high mortality rates, and starvation
(C) The role that appeals and advertising played in encouraging men and women to participate in colonization efforts
(D) The nature of master and apprentice relationships in England in the early seventeenth century

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Test ID: 2003
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