United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 44

Questions 43 – 44 refer to the excerpt below.

“My purpose is not to persuade children from their parents; men from their wives; nor servants from their masters: only, such as with free consent may be spared: But that each [English] parish, or village, in city or country, that will but apparel their fatherless children, of thirteen or fourteen years of age, or young married people, that have small wealth to live on; here by their labor may live exceeding well: provided always that first there be sufficient power to command them, . . . and sufficient masters (as carpenters, masons, fishers, fowlers, gardeners, husbandmen, sawyers, smiths, spinsters, tailors, weavers, and such like) to take ten, twelve, or twenty, or as is their occasion, for apprentices. The masters by this may quickly grow rich; these [apprentices] may learn their trades themselves, to do the like; to a general and an incredible benefit for king, and country, master, and servant.”

John Smith, English adventurer, A Description of New England, 1616

Which of the following was a major contrast between the New England colonies and the colonies of France?

(A) The New England colonies were based on both agriculture and commerce.
(B) The French settled more often in cities and towns.
(C) The French had more conflicts with American Indians.
(D) New England developed a less rigid racial hierarchy.

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Test ID: 2005