United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 45

Questions 45 – 47 refer to the excerpt below.

“There is, at present, no danger of another insurrection against the authority of the United States on a large scale, and the people are willing to reconstruct their State governments, and to send their senators and representatives to Congress. But as to the moral value of these results, we must not indulge in any delusions. . . . [T]here is, as yet, among the southern people an utter absence of national feeling. . . . “Aside from the assumption that the Negro will not work without physical compulsion, there appears to be another popular notion… that the Negro exists for the special object of raising cotton, rice and sugar for the whites, and that it is illegitimate for him to indulge, like other people, in the pursuit of his own happiness in his own way.”

Carl Schurz, Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

Schurz’s analysis most directly illustrated the debates about which of the following issues in the South?

(A) The industrialization of the South
(B) The issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation
(C) The process of readmitting Confederate states
(D) The extent of federal legislative power

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Test ID: 2007