United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 46

Questions 45 – 47 refer to the excerpt below.

“There is, at present, no danger of another insurrection against the authority of the United States on a large scale, and the people are willing to reconstruct their State governments, and to send their senators and representatives to Congress. But as to the moral value of these results, we must not indulge in any delusions. . . . [T]here is, as yet, among the southern people an utter absence of national feeling. . . . “Aside from the assumption that the Negro will not work without physical compulsion, there appears to be another popular notion… that the Negro exists for the special object of raising cotton, rice and sugar for the whites, and that it is illegitimate for him to indulge, like other people, in the pursuit of his own happiness in his own way.”

Carl Schurz, Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

The attitudes of White Southerners described by Schurz contributed to which of the following developments in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?

(A) The sale of most plantations to African Americans to keep them in the South
(B) The establishment of sharecropping throughout the South
(C) The Nullification Crisis caused by Southern resistance to federal policy
(D) The rise of the Whig Party in the South

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Test ID: 2009