United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 47

Questions 45 – 47 refer to the excerpt below.

“There is, at present, no danger of another insurrection against the authority of the United States on a large scale, and the people are willing to reconstruct their State governments, and to send their senators and representatives to Congress. But as to the moral value of these results, we must not indulge in any delusions. . . . [T]here is, as yet, among the southern people an utter absence of national feeling. . . . “Aside from the assumption that the Negro will not work without physical compulsion, there appears to be another popular notion… that the Negro exists for the special object of raising cotton, rice and sugar for the whites, and that it is illegitimate for him to indulge, like other people, in the pursuit of his own happiness in his own way.”

Carl Schurz, Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

Efforts by Republicans such as Schurz to establish a base for their party in the South after the Civil War ultimately failed because

(A) Republicans feared the South would secede again if the party became too successful
(B) Republican opposition to African American rights alienated many White Southerners
(C) Republicans grew weary of pressing their Reconstruction agenda in a hostile environment
(D) Republicans believed it better to withdraw from the South than to become corrupted by Southern politics

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Test ID: 2011