World History

Cuneiform tablet containing an administrative account of barley distribution, ca. 3100-2900 B.C.E.

Which of the following changes most directly accompanied the increase in grain production during the time period of the cuneiform tablet shown above?

(A) An increase in hunter-gatherer lifestyles
(B) An increase in monotheistic belief systems
(C) An increase in economic equality between men and women
(D) An increase in urban populations and organized communities
  1. Correct Answer: D


    As ancient civilizations developed more sophisticated methods of farming, there was an increase in the number of cities as well as the populations of those cities. As food production increased through advances in agriculture, societies became more well organized and developed distinct cultural identities, making (D) the best answer. Choice (A) is backwards—as agriculture increased, hunter-gatherer lifestyles declined. Choice (B) is incorrect because the ancient Mesopotamians were polytheistic. Choice (C) is incorrect because women had very few economic (or other) opportunities during the time period in question.

Test ID: 1107
Source: AP World History Practice Tests