World History

“Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. But all this ease in our private relations does not make us lawless as citizens. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.”

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, ca. 415 B.C.E.

Which of the following correctly describes one of the primary reasons that Greek culture was disseminated widely around the Mediterranean region during the time period represented by the passage?

(A) The geography of Greece contains many natural resources that facilitated a profitable mining industry.
(B) The geography of Greece contains numerous freshwater lakes that facilitated a successful fishing industry.
(C) The geography of Greece contains prominent river valleys that facilitated widespread agriculture.
(D) The geography of Greece contains many natural harbors that facilitated trade and commerce.
  1. Correct Answer: D

    Explanation:

    One of the reasons Greek culture spread during the classical period was Greece’s massive coastline. Because of the many natural harbors in the Greek mainland and islands, the Greeks were able to develop sophisticated methods of communication and commerce, making (D) the best answer. Choices (A), (B), and (C) do not correctly describe the geography of Greece.

Test ID: 1118
Source: AP World History Practice Tests