World History

Source 1:

Source 2:
“Are you a man? Then you should have an human heart. But have you indeed? What is your heart made of? Is there no such principle as compassion there? Do you never feel another’s pain? Have you no sympathy? No sense of human woe? No pity for the miserable? When you saw the flowing eyes, the heaving breasts, the bleeding sides and tortured limbs of your fellow-creatures, was you a stone, or a brute? Did you look upon them with the eyes of a tiger? When you squeezed the agonizing creatures down in the ship, or when you threw their poor mangled remains into the sea, had you no relenting? Did not one tear drop from your eye, one sigh escape from your breast? Do you feel no relenting now? If you do not, you must go on, till the measure of your iniquities is full. Then will the great GOD deal with you, as you have dealt with them, and require all their blood at your hands.”

Excerpt courtesy of the Rare Book Collection, Wilson Special Collections Library, UNC-Chapel Hill.

John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery, 1774

Which of the following most accurately depicts the historical context of the movements of goods and people (Source 1) during the centuries of transatlantic trade?

(A) Slaves to the Americas; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Africa
(B) Slaves to Africa; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to the Americas
(C) Cotton, sugar, and tobacco to the Americas; slaves to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Africa
(D) Slaves to the Americas; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Africa; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Europe
  1. Correct Answer: A

    Explanation:

    The networks and movements of goods and people around three continents are often referred to as the “Triangular Trade.” The classical understanding of this theory holds that slaves were brought from Africa to the Americas, where the use of African slaves was essential to growing cash crops, which were then shipped to Europe, where those goods or products made from those goods were used to purchase more slaves in Africa. Therefore, (A) is the best answer.

Test ID: 1136
Source: AP World History Practice Tests