World History

Source 1:

Source 2:
“Are you a man? Then you should have an human heart. But have you indeed? What is your heart made of? Is there no such principle as compassion there? Do you never feel another’s pain? Have you no sympathy? No sense of human woe? No pity for the miserable? When you saw the flowing eyes, the heaving breasts, the bleeding sides and tortured limbs of your fellow-creatures, was you a stone, or a brute? Did you look upon them with the eyes of a tiger? When you squeezed the agonizing creatures down in the ship, or when you threw their poor mangled remains into the sea, had you no relenting? Did not one tear drop from your eye, one sigh escape from your breast? Do you feel no relenting now? If you do not, you must go on, till the measure of your iniquities is full. Then will the great GOD deal with you, as you have dealt with them, and require all their blood at your hands.”

Excerpt courtesy of the Rare Book Collection, Wilson Special Collections Library, UNC-Chapel Hill.

John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery, 1774

Which of the following correctly characterizes one consequence of the layout of transatlantic slaves shown in Source 1?

(A) Many slaves died of disease in the crowded hulls of tightly packed ships.
(B) Slave ships often sank due to overcrowding and imbalanced weight allotment.
(C) Slaves were forced to assist in the rowing of the slave ships.
(D) Slave ships carried approximately equal numbers of slaves as crewmembers.
  1. Correct Answer: A

    Explanation:

    The owners of slave ships involved in the transatlantic passage wanted to make their voyages as profitable as possible, which meant cramming as many slaves as possible into the ships. For the slaves, this meant a minimum of space in which to move and unbearable conditions that bred disease and death. Choice (A) is the best answer.

Test ID: 1138
Source: AP World History Practice Tests