United States History

The First Continental Congress was convened primarily to

(A) discuss a unified colonial response to the Intolerable Acts
(B) discuss a plan to unite the 13 colonies as an independent nation
(C) raise a standing army that could protect the colonists against British oppression
(D) arrive at a set of internal trade regulations that was fair to all colonies
(E) plan a suspension of all trade with Great Britain
United States History

Differences between which two religions contributed to violent conflicts in India during and after the struggle for independence in 1947?

(A) Hinduism and Buddhism
(B) Islam and Christianity
(C) Hinduism and Islam
(D) Islam and Buddhism
(E) Hinduism and Jainism
United States History

All these inventions helped revolutionize the U.S. economy in the early nineteenth century EXCEPT:

(A) the cotton gin
(B) the locomotive
(C) the incandescent lightbulb
(D) the steamboat
(E) the spinning jenny
United States History

The Emancipation Proclamation, by implication, extended which of the following offers to Confederate states?

(A) They could keep their slaves if they abandoned the Confederacy and rejoined the Union.
(B) The war would continue until they freed their slaves.
(C) The Union would pay them for their slaves if they would agree to free them.
(D) The Union would surrender if they agreed to free their slaves.
(E) The Confederacy could exist as an independent nation if it would build an impregnable border between its territory and that of the United States.
United States History

The abolitionist movement had difficulty gaining supporters in the early 1800s because

(A) African slaves were content with their status
(B) there were no Africans in powerful positions in the government
(C) Africans easily found ways to flout the system of slavery
(D) Northern whites could ignore the wrongs of the slave system in the South and Southerners found it too profitable to end
(E) Quakers were a majority in the colonies and spoke out against slavery at an early date
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 11

Questions 11 – 13 refer to the excerpts below.

“Wherefore, security being the true design and end of government, it unanswerably follows that whatever form thereof appears most likely to ensure it to us, with the least expense and greatest benefit, is preferable to all others…. Here too is the design and end of government, Freedom and Security.”

Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776

“[G]overnments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.”

Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence, 1776

The excerpts were written in response to the

(A) British government’s attempt to assert greater control over the North American colonies
(B) British government’s failure to protect colonists from attacks by American Indians
(C) colonial governments’ failures to implement mercantilist policies
(D) colonial governments’ attempts to extend political rights to new groups
United States History

A major achievement of the civil rights movement in the 1960s was

(A) equality in pay for white and African-American workers doing the same jobs
(B) a huge increase in the number of African-American voters in the South
(C) equal access to higher education for African Americans
(D) appointment of African Americans to leading posts in major corporations
(E) election of African-American majorities in state legislatures
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 22

Questions 21 – 23 refer to the excerpts below.

“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.”

President Harry Truman, address before a joint session of Congress articulating what would become known as the Truman Doctrine, 1947

“We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace…. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

President Ronald Reagan, speech at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, 1987

Truman issued the doctrine primarily in order to

(A) support decolonization in Asia and Africa
(B) support United States allies in Latin America
(C) protect United States interests in the Middle East
(D) bolster noncommunist nations, particularly in Europe
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 19

Questions 18 – 20 are based on the excerpt below.

“The system of quotas . . . was the first major pillar of the Immigration Act of 1924. The second provided for the exclusion of persons ineligible to citizenship…. Ineligibility to citizenship and exclusion applied to the peoples of all the nations of East and South Asia. Nearly all Asians had already been excluded from immigration. . . . The exclusion of persons ineligible to citizenship in 1924… completed Asiatic exclusion. . . . Moreover, it codified the principle of racial exclusion into the main body of American immigration and naturalization law.”

Mae M. Ngai, historian, Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America, 2004

The Immigration Act of 1924 most directly reflected

(A) cultural tensions between scientific modernism and religious fundamentalism in the 1920s
(B) conflicts arising from the migration of African Americans to urban centers in the North
(C) the emergence of an increasingly national culture in the 1920s shaped by art, cinema, and mass media
(D) social tensions emerging from the First World War
United States History

Which of the following was the primary reason for the wave of Irish immigration in the 1840s?

(A) Desire to buy land
(B) Desire for economic opportunity
(C) Widespread starvation in the wake of the potato famine
(D) Religious oppression
(E) Political oppression from Great Britain