United States History

Nixon’s foreign policy of détente was meant to improve relations between the United States and

(A) North Vietnam
(B) Cambodia
(C) Taiwan
(D) China
(E) the Soviet Union
United States History

General Howe was determined to capture the city of Philadelphia primarily because

(A) it was the capital city and such a capture would be prestigious
(B) it was an important Atlantic seaport city
(C) it had been the scene of most of the fierce resistance to the Acts of Parliament before the war began
(D) it was the home of Benjamin Franklin
(E) it was a Loyalist city and would welcome the arrival of the British
United States History

All the following were U.S. victories in the Pacific EXCEPT:

(A) Bataan
(B) Guadalcanal
(C) Coral Sea
(D) Midway
(E) Solomon Islands
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 40

Questions 40 – 42 refer to the excerpt below.

“[T]he condition of the African race throughout all the States where the ancient relation between the two [races] has been retained enjoys a degree of health and comfort which may well compare with that of the laboring population of any country in Christendom; and, it may be added that in no other condition, or in any other age or country, has the Negro race ever attained so high an elevation in morals, intelligence, or civilization.”

John C. Calhoun, political leader, 1844

Which of the following groups would have been most likely to support Calhoun’s views expressed in the excerpt?

(A) Members of nativist political parties
(B) Members of the Whig Party
(C) Southern landowners
(D) Northern industrialists
United States History

Which of the following prompted the first use of UN military forces?

(A) Tension between the Soviet Union and the United States
(B) The nuclear arms race between the Soviet Union and the United States
(C) The North Korean invasion of South Korea
(D) The international agreement to put Nazi officials on trial for their crimes
(E) Anticommunist hysteria in the United States
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 31

Questions 30 – 33 refer to the excerpt below.

“[H]istory and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government…. Excessive partiality for one foreign nation and excessive dislike of another cause those whom they actuate to see danger only on one side and serve to veil and even second the arts of influence on the other. . . . The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations, is in extending our commercial relations to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none, or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns.”

George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796

The ideas expressed in Washington’s address most strongly influenced which United States foreign policy decision in the twentieth century?

(A) The establishment of the United Nations in 1945
(B) The formation of the NATO alliance between the United States and Western Europe in 1949
(C) The refusal to join the League of Nations in 1919
(D) The oil embargo against Japan in 1941
United States History

The Navigation Acts of the 1650s had all the following purposes EXCEPT:

(A) to protect colonial trade
(B) to increase profits for Great Britain
(C) to maintain English control over colonial trade
(D) to foster a mercantilist economy
(E) to increase imports to the colonies while decreasing exports
United States History

Britain defended the colonists against the French primarily because

(A) William Pitt believed it was necessary to win the war quickly
(B) Britain was protecting its own investment in the colonies
(C) British military officers were personally loyal to colonial troops
(D) the British and the Native Americans did not have friendly relations
(E) Britain wanted to push Spain out of its American colonies
United States History

Why did the Northern delegates allow the removal from the Declaration of Independence a passage referring to the slave trade as a “cruel war against human nature”?

(A) They supported the slave trade.
(B) They were slave owners from large plantations.
(C) They did not like the implication that they were slaves of the king of Great Britain.
(D) They thought the Southerners would not vote for independence if that passage was not removed.
(E) They did not believe that this was the right time to free the slaves.
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 55

Questions 54 – 55 refer to the excerpt below.

“The era of big government is over but we can’t go back to a time when our citizens were just left to fend for themselves. We will meet them by going forward as one America, by working together in our communities, our schools, our churches and synagogues, our workplaces across the entire spectrum of our civic life.”

President Bill Clinton, radio address to the nation, 1996

The ideas expressed by Clinton in the excerpt were most similar to those of which twentieth-century president?

(A) Lyndon Johnson
(B) Ronald Reagan
(C) Franklin Roosevelt
(D) Woodrow Wilson