United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 2

Questions 1 – 3 refer to the excerpt below.

“In 1739 arrived among us from Ireland the Reverend Mr. [George] Whitefield, who had made himself remarkable there as an itinerant preacher. He was at first permitted to preach in some of our churches; but the clergy, taking a dislike to him, soon refused him their pulpits, and he was obliged to preach in the fields. The multitudes of all sects and denominations that attended his sermons were enormous. . . . It was wonderful to see the change soon made in the manners of our inhabitants. From being thoughtless or indifferent about religion, it seemed as if all the world were growing religious, so that one could not walk thro’ the town in an evening without hearing psalms sung in different families of every street.”

Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Whitefield’s open-air preaching contributed most directly to which of the following trends?

(A) The growth of the ideology of republican motherhood
(B) Greater independence and diversity of thought
(C) Movement of settlers to the backcountry
(D) The pursuit of social reform
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 40

Questions 40 – 42 refer to the excerpt below.

“[T]he condition of the African race throughout all the States where the ancient relation between the two [races] has been retained enjoys a degree of health and comfort which may well compare with that of the laboring population of any country in Christendom; and, it may be added that in no other condition, or in any other age or country, has the Negro race ever attained so high an elevation in morals, intelligence, or civilization.”

John C. Calhoun, political leader, 1844

Which of the following groups would have been most likely to support Calhoun’s views expressed in the excerpt?

(A) Members of nativist political parties
(B) Members of the Whig Party
(C) Southern landowners
(D) Northern industrialists
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 42

Questions 40 – 42 refer to the excerpt below.

“[T]he condition of the African race throughout all the States where the ancient relation between the two [races] has been retained enjoys a degree of health and comfort which may well compare with that of the laboring population of any country in Christendom; and, it may be added that in no other condition, or in any other age or country, has the Negro race ever attained so high an elevation in morals, intelligence, or civilization.”

John C. Calhoun, political leader, 1844

In the 1840s and 1850s, the views expressed by Calhoun most directly contributed to (A) the United States acquisition of new territory in the West (B) increased sectional divisions between the North and the South (C) the development of sharecropping and tenant farming in the South (D) the rise of voluntary organizations to promote religious reform

(A) the United States acquisition of new territory in the West
(B) increased sectional divisions between the North and the South
(C) the development of sharecropping and tenant farming in the South
(D) the rise of voluntary organizations to promote religious reform
United States History

In early modern Europe, governments sought to increase national wealth and maintain a favorable balance of trade through government intervention by advocating

(A) Liberalism
(B) Capitalism
(C) Socialism
(D) Utilitarianism
(E) Mercantilism
United States History

The Populist Party was founded with all the following goals EXCEPT:

(A) to support the coinage of silver
(B) to return to the gold standard
(C) to push for government ownership of the railroads
(D) to regulate the banks
(E) to restrict immigration
United States History

In his opinion in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford, Chief Justice Taney stated all the following EXCEPT:

(A) The Fifth Amendment protected slaveowners’ rights to their property.
(B) The Missouri Compromise had been unconstitutional because it violated slaveowners’ property rights.
(C) The framers of the Constitution clearly had not intended the Constitution to apply to anyone of African descent.
(D) Slave status did not depend on geography but traveled everywhere with a person who was a slave.
(E) As long as society provided separate but equal opportunities to African slaves, it did not have to do anything more for them.
United States History

A principal consequence of the Glorious Revolution in Britain was that

(A) the New England colonists threw Edmund Andros out of office
(B) England became a Catholic nation once again
(C) a queen ruled England in her own right for the first time
(D) the colonial assemblies began discussing the need for a militia
(E) English Protestants began fleeing to the colonies for fear of religious persecution
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 7

Questions 4 – 7 refer to the graph below.

The main trend shown in the graph was most directly associated with which of the following processes occurring in the United States at the time?

(A) The convergence of European and American cultures
(B) The emergence of an industrialized economy
(C) The displacement of American Indians from the Southeast
(D) The resurgence of evangelical Protestantism
United States History

“Slavery now stands erect, clanking its chains on the territory of Kansas, surrounded by a code of death, and trampling upon all cherished liberties.” This statement was most likely made by a(n)

(A) Whig
(B) muckraker
(C) plantation owner
(D) Democrat
(E) abolitionist
United States History

James Madison objected to the Articles of Confederation on all these grounds EXCEPT:

(A) States were violating one another’s rights.
(B) Congress could not force states to pay their fair share of taxes.
(C) States were making separate treaties with Native Americans.
(D) Congress included delegates from each state.
(E) States would never work together in their own best long-term interests.