United States History

Around which two central figures were the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties organized?

(A) George Washington and John Adams
(B) Alexander Hamilton and John Adams
(C) Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
(D) Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
(E) John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 32

Questions 30 – 33 refer to the excerpt below.

“[H]istory and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government…. Excessive partiality for one foreign nation and excessive dislike of another cause those whom they actuate to see danger only on one side and serve to veil and even second the arts of influence on the other. . . . The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations, is in extending our commercial relations to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none, or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns.”

George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796

Which of the following groups most strongly opposed Washington’s point of view in the address?

(A) Democratic-Republicans
(B) New England merchants
(C) Southern plantation owners
(D) Federalists
United States History

The Populist Party was founded with all the following goals EXCEPT:

(A) to support the coinage of silver
(B) to return to the gold standard
(C) to push for government ownership of the railroads
(D) to regulate the banks
(E) to restrict immigration
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 45

Questions 45 – 47 refer to the excerpt below.

“There is, at present, no danger of another insurrection against the authority of the United States on a large scale, and the people are willing to reconstruct their State governments, and to send their senators and representatives to Congress. But as to the moral value of these results, we must not indulge in any delusions. . . . [T]here is, as yet, among the southern people an utter absence of national feeling. . . . “Aside from the assumption that the Negro will not work without physical compulsion, there appears to be another popular notion… that the Negro exists for the special object of raising cotton, rice and sugar for the whites, and that it is illegitimate for him to indulge, like other people, in the pursuit of his own happiness in his own way.”

Carl Schurz, Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

Schurz’s analysis most directly illustrated the debates about which of the following issues in the South?

(A) The industrialization of the South
(B) The issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation
(C) The process of readmitting Confederate states
(D) The extent of federal legislative power
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 50

Questions 48 – 50 refer to the excerpt below.

“The peace-loving nations must make a concerted effort in opposition to those violations of treaties and those ignorings of humane instincts which today are creating a state of international anarchy and instability from which there is no escape through mere isolation or neutrality. “Those who cherish their freedom and recognize and respect the equal right of their neighbors to be free and live in peace, must work together for the triumph of law and moral principles in order that peace, justice and confidence may prevail in the world. There must be a return to a belief in the pledged word, in the value of a signed treaty. There must be recognition of the fact that national morality is as vital as private morality.”

President Franklin Roosevelt, Quarantine Speech, 1937

Which of the following best represents continuity in the years after 1945 with the ideas that Roosevelt expressed in the excerpt?

(A) The conviction and execution of suspected Soviet spies in the United States
(B) United States membership in an international peacekeeping body
(C) United States military commitment to countries battling communist insurgencies
(D) The rise of peace organizations opposed to the buildup and use of nuclear weapons
United States History

The Watergate burglars were

(A) newspaper reporters investigating a crime story
(B) FBI agents looking for evidence of wrongdoing by Nixon
(C) thieves looking for money in the Democratic Party offices
(D) operatives in the pay of Nixon’s reelection committee
(E) Democratic Party members looking for evidence to discredit Republicans
United States History

Which of the following was NOT settled in the U.S.–North Vietnamese peace agreement of 1973?

(A) An exchange of prisoners of war
(B) The political future of South Vietnam
(C) The withdrawal of U.S. troops
(D) The end of U.S. military aid to South Vietnam
(E) A cease-fire
United States History

The Second Great Awakening gave rise to or supported all the following movements EXCEPT:

(A) women’s education
(B) temperance
(C) abolition
(D) women’s suffrage
(E) the Whig Party
United States History

The encomienda system of colonial Spanish America most closely resembled the European practice of

(A) absolutism
(B) primogeniture
(C) patronage
(D) manorialism
(E) nepotism
United States History

All the following characterized the 1920s EXCEPT:

(A) a rise in organized crime
(B) a wave of prolabor legislation
(C) the development of mass entertainment
(D) technological advances such as the radio
(E) the rise in popularity of the automobile