United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 16

Questions 14 – 17 refer to the excerpt below.

“We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.”

Chief Justice Earl Warren, writing the unanimous opinion of the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 1954

Which of the following sets of Supreme Court decisions demonstrated the strongest continuity with the idea expressed in the excerpt?

(A) Decisions endorsing the constitutionality of the death penalty, such as Gregg v. Georgia
(B) Decisions limiting affirmative action programs, such as Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
(C) Decisions defining individual rights and protections, such as Miranda v. Arizona
(D) Decisions defining election laws, such as Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 22

Questions 21 – 23 refer to the excerpts below.

“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.”

President Harry Truman, address before a joint session of Congress articulating what would become known as the Truman Doctrine, 1947

“We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace…. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

President Ronald Reagan, speech at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, 1987

Truman issued the doctrine primarily in order to

(A) support decolonization in Asia and Africa
(B) support United States allies in Latin America
(C) protect United States interests in the Middle East
(D) bolster noncommunist nations, particularly in Europe
United States History

African Americans traveled west after the Civil War for all the following reasons EXCEPT:

(A) to work on the railroad
(B) to escape racial segregation
(C) to work in the fur-trading industry
(D) to mine gold and silver
(E) to claim homesteads for themselves and their families
United States History

Social Darwinists such as Herbert Spencer argued that

(A) competition allows individuals to develop their talents and meet their needs
(B) competition and cooperation are equally important in building a productive and compassionate society
(C) human societies progress through competition, since the strong survive and the weak perish
(D) human societies progress through cooperation, a natural instinct that should be encouraged
(E) God predetermines that some members of society are fated to succeed and some members are fated to fail
United States History

The presidential election of 2000 was decided when

(A) a recount of votes in Florida showed that Bush had won the popular vote
(B) a recount of electoral votes was ordered by the Supreme Court
(C) a vote recount in Florida was barred by the Supreme Court, effectively making Bush president
(D) a recount of the popular vote nationwide showed that Gore was the loser
(E) Republicans agreed to permit a recount of the popular vote in Florida
United States History

The term “American Indians” is a misnomer because the people it designates

(A) are not native to the Americas
(B) originally came from Asia
(C) did not inhabit the East Indies
(D) did not speak any European languages
(E) first settled the Americas during the 1400s
United States History

What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?

(A) To support democracy all over the world
(B) To ally the United States with European interests
(C) To encourage Latin American revolutionaries to rise up against the European colonial powers
(D) To warn European nations not to invade or colonize the western hemisphere
(E) To declare American neutrality in relations between Latin America and Europe
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 50

Questions 48 – 50 refer to the excerpt below.

“The peace-loving nations must make a concerted effort in opposition to those violations of treaties and those ignorings of humane instincts which today are creating a state of international anarchy and instability from which there is no escape through mere isolation or neutrality. “Those who cherish their freedom and recognize and respect the equal right of their neighbors to be free and live in peace, must work together for the triumph of law and moral principles in order that peace, justice and confidence may prevail in the world. There must be a return to a belief in the pledged word, in the value of a signed treaty. There must be recognition of the fact that national morality is as vital as private morality.”

President Franklin Roosevelt, Quarantine Speech, 1937

Which of the following best represents continuity in the years after 1945 with the ideas that Roosevelt expressed in the excerpt?

(A) The conviction and execution of suspected Soviet spies in the United States
(B) United States membership in an international peacekeeping body
(C) United States military commitment to countries battling communist insurgencies
(D) The rise of peace organizations opposed to the buildup and use of nuclear weapons
United States History

Which of the following was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act?

(A) To guarantee the territorial integrity of China
(B) To permit Roosevelt to run for a third presidential term
(C) To set limits on the size of the British and Japanese navies
(D) To spell out the war aims of the Allied Powers
(E) To provide military aid to defend Britain and other Allied countries