United States History

In the map above, the numbered dots correspond to cities. In
the eighth century, which cities were near the east-west limits of
the Islamic world?

(A) 1 and 7
(B) 1 and 9
(C) 2 and 6
(D) 2 and 8
(E) 5 and 7
United States History

The most important difference between Pennsylvania and the Massachusetts Bay Colony was that Pennsylvania

(A) was not founded by a Christian
(B) was not an English colony
(C) did not have a large city
(D) was not ruled by a theocracy
(E) did not attract settlers from Europe
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 45

Questions 45 – 47 refer to the excerpt below.

“There is, at present, no danger of another insurrection against the authority of the United States on a large scale, and the people are willing to reconstruct their State governments, and to send their senators and representatives to Congress. But as to the moral value of these results, we must not indulge in any delusions. . . . [T]here is, as yet, among the southern people an utter absence of national feeling. . . . “Aside from the assumption that the Negro will not work without physical compulsion, there appears to be another popular notion… that the Negro exists for the special object of raising cotton, rice and sugar for the whites, and that it is illegitimate for him to indulge, like other people, in the pursuit of his own happiness in his own way.”

Carl Schurz, Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

Schurz’s analysis most directly illustrated the debates about which of the following issues in the South?

(A) The industrialization of the South
(B) The issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation
(C) The process of readmitting Confederate states
(D) The extent of federal legislative power
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 18

Questions 18 – 20 are based on the excerpt below.

“The system of quotas . . . was the first major pillar of the Immigration Act of 1924. The second provided for the exclusion of persons ineligible to citizenship…. Ineligibility to citizenship and exclusion applied to the peoples of all the nations of East and South Asia. Nearly all Asians had already been excluded from immigration. . . . The exclusion of persons ineligible to citizenship in 1924… completed Asiatic exclusion. . . . Moreover, it codified the principle of racial exclusion into the main body of American immigration and naturalization law.”

Mae M. Ngai, historian, Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America, 2004

The Immigration Act of 1924 produced highly discriminatory results because it

(A) created a guest worker program that encouraged temporary immigration but denied citizenship
(B) relied on a series of literacy tests and physical examinations to manage immigration
(C) placed restrictions on immigration by national origin, ethnicity, and race
(D) encouraged immigration of people with highly sought after skills or family in the United States
United States History

Which of the following lists the battles in the correct chronological order?

(A) Brandywine, Monmouth, Saratoga
(B) Saratoga, Brandywine, Monmouth
(C) Monmouth, Brandywine, Saratoga
(D) Saratoga, Monmouth, Brandywine
(E) Brandywine, Saratoga, Monmouth
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 6

Questions 4 – 7 refer to the graph below.

Which of the following was a direct effect of the trend in immigration after 1845 shown on the graph?

(A) An increase in sectional tensions
(B) A major economic downturn
(C) An upsurge in nativist sentiment
(D) The collapse of the second party system
United States History

By 1920 the United States had acquired partial or total control over all the following EXCEPT:

(A) The Monroe Doctrine
(B) The Platt Amendment
(C) The Hawaiian constitution
(D) The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty
(E) The Open Door Policy
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 21

Questions 21 – 23 refer to the excerpts below.

“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.”

President Harry Truman, address before a joint session of Congress articulating what would become known as the Truman Doctrine, 1947

“We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace…. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

President Ronald Reagan, speech at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, 1987

The statements of both Truman and Reagan share the same goal of

(A) restraining communist military power and ideological influence
(B) creating alliances with recently decolonized nations
(C) reestablishing the principle of isolationism
(D) avoiding a military confrontation with the Soviet Union
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 28

Questions 27 – 29 refer the excerpt below.

“Excepting only Yosemite, Hetch Hetchy is the most attractive and wonderful valley within the bounds of the great Yosemite National Park and the best of all the camp grounds. People are now flocking to it in ever-increasing numbers for health and recreation of body and mind. Though the walls are less sublime in height than those of Yosemite, its groves, gardens, and broad, spacious meadows are more beautiful and picturesque…. Last year in October I visited the valley with Mr. William Keith, the artist. He wandered about from view to view, enchanted, made thirty-eight sketches, and enthusiastically declared that in varied picturesque beauty Hetch Hetchy greatly surpassed Yosemite. It is one of God’s best gifts, and ought to be faithfully guarded.”

John Muir, Century Magazine, 1909

Muir’s ideas are most directly a reaction to the

(A) increasing usage and exploitation of western landscapes
(B) increase in urban populations, including immigrant workers attracted by a growing industrial economy
(C) westward migration of groups seeking religious refuge
(D) opening of a new frontier in recently annexed territory
United States History

Which of the following people probably had the hardest and most thankless life in the colonies?

(A) A farmer’s wife
(B) A female slave
(C) A male slave
(D) A cobbler
(E) A blacksmith’s apprentice