United States History

By 1920 the United States had acquired partial or total control over all the following EXCEPT:

(A) the Canal Zone
(B) Puerto Rico
(C) China
(D) the Philippines
(E) Guam
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 10

Questions 8 – 10 refer to the excerpt below.

“The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.

“He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise.

“He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice….

“Having deprived her of this first right of a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides….

“He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.”

Seneca Falls Convention, Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, 1848

Many supporters of the declaration in 1848 broke ranks with which of the following groups by the 1870s?

(A) Social Darwinists
(B) Supporters of Southern secession and states’ rights
(C) Supporters of the Fifteenth Amendment
(D) Supporters of the Fifteenth Amendment (D) Isolationists
United States History

Who were “the Untouchables”?

(A) Chicago White Sox baseball players who threw the World Series in 1919
(B) Organized criminals who worked for Al Capone
(C) The murderers involved in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
(D) Characters in a novel by Ernest Hemingway
(E) FBI detectives who worked on cases involving violations of Prohibition
United States History

The U.S. government insisted on moving Native Americans to reservations primarily because

(A) settlers from the East were greedy for the Native Americans’ ancestral lands
(B) Native American hunting practices threatened the survival of the buffalo
(C) Native Americans were better at farming and technology than were Americans of European descent
(D) settlers from the East did not understand Native American languages
(E) government authorities were afraid of a planned Native American rebellion
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 22

Questions 21 – 23 refer to the excerpts below.

“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.”

President Harry Truman, address before a joint session of Congress articulating what would become known as the Truman Doctrine, 1947

“We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace…. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

President Ronald Reagan, speech at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, 1987

Truman issued the doctrine primarily in order to

(A) support decolonization in Asia and Africa
(B) support United States allies in Latin America
(C) protect United States interests in the Middle East
(D) bolster noncommunist nations, particularly in Europe
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 28

Questions 27 – 29 refer the excerpt below.

“Excepting only Yosemite, Hetch Hetchy is the most attractive and wonderful valley within the bounds of the great Yosemite National Park and the best of all the camp grounds. People are now flocking to it in ever-increasing numbers for health and recreation of body and mind. Though the walls are less sublime in height than those of Yosemite, its groves, gardens, and broad, spacious meadows are more beautiful and picturesque…. Last year in October I visited the valley with Mr. William Keith, the artist. He wandered about from view to view, enchanted, made thirty-eight sketches, and enthusiastically declared that in varied picturesque beauty Hetch Hetchy greatly surpassed Yosemite. It is one of God’s best gifts, and ought to be faithfully guarded.”

John Muir, Century Magazine, 1909

Muir’s ideas are most directly a reaction to the

(A) increasing usage and exploitation of western landscapes
(B) increase in urban populations, including immigrant workers attracted by a growing industrial economy
(C) westward migration of groups seeking religious refuge
(D) opening of a new frontier in recently annexed territory
United States History

Which of the following was characteristic of the physical
environments of early river-valley civilizations in the Near East?

(A) Cool summer temperatures encouraged the production of grain crops.
(B) Tropical forests along the riverbanks provided the population with most of its food.
(C) The rivers maintained a steady flow year-round, fed by melting mountain glaciers.
(D) The rivers flowed through deep mountain valleys, which sheltered early civilizations.
(E) Rainfall was low, requiring irrigation of crops with river water.
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 36

Questions 34 – 36 refer to the excerpt below.

“The colonizers brought along plants and animals new to the Americas, some by design and others by accident. Determined to farm in a European manner, the colonists introduced their domesticated livestock—honeybees, pigs, horses, mules, sheep, and cattle—and their domesticated plants, including wheat, barley, rye, oats, grasses, and grapevines. But the colonists also inadvertently carried pathogens, weeds, and rats. . . . In sum, the remaking of the Americas was a team effort by a set of interdependent species led and partially managed (but never fully controlled) by European people.”

Alan Taylor, historian, American Colonies, 2001

The trends described by Taylor most directly illustrate which of the following major historical developments in the Atlantic world?

(A) The growth of mercantile empires that stretched across the Atlantic
(B) The increasing anglicization of the English colonies
(C) The phenomenon known as the Columbian Exchange
(D) The rise of the trans-Atlantic slave trade
United States History

The rebellion of Nat Turner had all the following effects EXCEPT:

(A) Fifty or sixty white people were killed.
(B) The Southern states passed harsh new laws limiting the rights of slaves.
(C) Southerners blamed William Lloyd Garrison and The Liberator for the uprising.
(D) Nat Turner and several of his followers were hanged as criminals.
(E) The rebellion inspired other successful uprisings throughout the South.
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 4

Questions 4 – 7 refer to the graph below.

Which of the following was a significant cause of the trend from 1843 to 1854 shown in the graph?

(A) Active encouragement of migration by the United States government
(B) Economic and political difficulties in Germany and Ireland
(C) Incentives offered by United States companies looking to hire skilled migrants
(D) Adoption of free trade policies by European governments