United States History

All the following were direct or indirect consequences of the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT:

(A) The United States acquired a large war debt.
(B) The states gave up individual claims to lands outside their borders east of the Mississippi.
(C) The Northwest Territory was divided into smaller territories, each with its own governor.
(D) An economic depression hit the United States in 1784.
(E) Daniel Shays led a farmers’ rebellion in Massachusetts.
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 6

Questions 4 – 7 refer to the graph below.

Which of the following was a direct effect of the trend in immigration after 1845 shown on the graph?

(A) An increase in sectional tensions
(B) A major economic downturn
(C) An upsurge in nativist sentiment
(D) The collapse of the second party system
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 42

Questions 40 – 42 refer to the excerpt below.

“[T]he condition of the African race throughout all the States where the ancient relation between the two [races] has been retained enjoys a degree of health and comfort which may well compare with that of the laboring population of any country in Christendom; and, it may be added that in no other condition, or in any other age or country, has the Negro race ever attained so high an elevation in morals, intelligence, or civilization.”

John C. Calhoun, political leader, 1844

In the 1840s and 1850s, the views expressed by Calhoun most directly contributed to (A) the United States acquisition of new territory in the West (B) increased sectional divisions between the North and the South (C) the development of sharecropping and tenant farming in the South (D) the rise of voluntary organizations to promote religious reform

(A) the United States acquisition of new territory in the West
(B) increased sectional divisions between the North and the South
(C) the development of sharecropping and tenant farming in the South
(D) the rise of voluntary organizations to promote religious reform
United States History

Before 1754 French activity in North America was directed primarily toward

(A) The colonists began to identify themselves as fellow Americans rather than as Virginians or New Yorkers.
(B) religious conversion of the Native Americans
(C) establishing the fur trade with the Native Americans
(D) border warfare with the British colonists
(E) building large cities along the Mississippi River
United States History

President Johnson called for a voting rights bill in 1965 after

(A) Martin Luther King., Jr., was assassinated
(B) he defeated the Republican Barry Goldwater in a landslide election
(C) Betty Friedan and others formed the National Organization for Women
(D) racial disturbances broke out in Detroit and Los Angeles
(E) a protest march let by Martin Luther King, Jr., was met with violence
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 35

Questions 34 – 36 refer to the excerpt below.

“The colonizers brought along plants and animals new to the Americas, some by design and others by accident. Determined to farm in a European manner, the colonists introduced their domesticated livestock—honeybees, pigs, horses, mules, sheep, and cattle—and their domesticated plants, including wheat, barley, rye, oats, grasses, and grapevines. But the colonists also inadvertently carried pathogens, weeds, and rats. . . . In sum, the remaking of the Americas was a team effort by a set of interdependent species led and partially managed (but never fully controlled) by European people.”

Alan Taylor, historian, American Colonies, 2001

The patterns described in the excerpt most directly foreshadowed which of the following developments?

(A) The spread of maize cultivation northward from present-day Mexico into the American Southwest
(B) The population decline in Native American societies
(C) The gradual shift of European economies from feudalism to capitalism
(D) The emergence of racially mixed populations in the Americas
United States History

Which of the following prompted the first use of UN military forces?

(A) Tension between the Soviet Union and the United States
(B) The nuclear arms race between the Soviet Union and the United States
(C) The North Korean invasion of South Korea
(D) The international agreement to put Nazi officials on trial for their crimes
(E) Anticommunist hysteria in the United States
United States History

Which of the following lists the battles in the correct chronological order?

(A) Brandywine, Monmouth, Saratoga
(B) Saratoga, Brandywine, Monmouth
(C) Monmouth, Brandywine, Saratoga
(D) Saratoga, Monmouth, Brandywine
(E) Brandywine, Saratoga, Monmouth
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 4

Questions 4 – 7 refer to the graph below.

Which of the following was a significant cause of the trend from 1843 to 1854 shown in the graph?

(A) Active encouragement of migration by the United States government
(B) Economic and political difficulties in Germany and Ireland
(C) Incentives offered by United States companies looking to hire skilled migrants
(D) Adoption of free trade policies by European governments
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 1

Questions 1 – 3 refer to the excerpt below.

“In 1739 arrived among us from Ireland the Reverend Mr. [George] Whitefield, who had made himself remarkable there as an itinerant preacher. He was at first permitted to preach in some of our churches; but the clergy, taking a dislike to him, soon refused him their pulpits, and he was obliged to preach in the fields. The multitudes of all sects and denominations that attended his sermons were enormous. . . . It was wonderful to see the change soon made in the manners of our inhabitants. From being thoughtless or indifferent about religion, it seemed as if all the world were growing religious, so that one could not walk thro’ the town in an evening without hearing psalms sung in different families of every street.”

Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Whitefield’s impact suggests that religious culture among British North American colonists in the 1700s was most directly shaped by 3. The preaching described in the excerpt is an example of which of the following developments in the 1700s?

(A) Roman Catholic influences
(B) interest in commerce and business
(C) trans-Atlantic exchanges
(D) reliance on agriculture