World History

What was the primary grain of the Mesoamerican civilizations?

A. Maize
B. Rice
C. Wheat
D. Barley
E.  Rye
World History

The following quote most represents the ideals of what religion?

“Life is a series of natural and spontaneous changes. Don’t resist them – that only creates sorrow. Let reality be reality. Let things flow naturally forward in whatever way they like.”

(A) Sikhism
(B) Taoism
(C) Buddhism
(D) Shintoism
(E) Confucianism
World History

As with New York, USA, which former Dutch outpost was eventually taken over by the United Kingdom?

(A) Singapore
(B) Hong Kong
(C) Johannesburg
(D) Gibraltar
(E) Jakarta
World History

Prior to the European colonisation of Africa, which of the following is true of the slave trade?

(A) Africans sold their own people as slaves
(B) The Spanish bred and sold slaves on a massive scale
(C) Slaves were given proper treatment and were assured of a right to be freed at a certain point
(D) Liberia was used as the main channel for slaves by European powers and thus became prosperous
(E) The trade was limited to East African countries like Somalia
World History

Cuneiform tablet containing an administrative account of barley distribution, ca. 3100-2900 B.C.E.

Which of the following geographic features was a primary factor that enabled the Sumerians to farm crops such as the barley mentioned in the administrative account shown above?

(A) The river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates
(B) The mountains of the Hindu Kush
(C) The Nile Delta
(D) The deserts of the Arabian peninsula
World History

Which of the following directly resulted in the opening of Chinese ports and the cession of Hong Kong to the United Kingdom?

(A) The Boxer Rebellion
(B) The Taiping rebellion
(C) The Peking Convention
(D) The Treaty of Tientsin
(E) The Treaty of Nanking
World History

Source 1:

“The case of a broken thigh is analogous to that of the arm, but in particular, a fractured thigh is mostly deranged forwards and outwards, for the bone is naturally flattened on those sides. It is to be set by the hands, with ligatures, and even cords applied, the one above and the other below the fracture. When the fracture takes place at one end, if at the head of the thigh, the middle part of a thong wrapped round with wool, so that it may not cut the parts there, is to be applied to the perineum, and the ends of it brought up to the head and given to an assistant to hold, and applying a ligature below the fracture, we give the ends of it to another assistant to make extension. If it is fractured near the knee, we apply the ligature immediately above the fracture, and give the ends to an assistant, with which to make extension upwards; and while we put a ligature round the knee to secure it, and while the patient lies thus, with his leg extended, we arrange the fracture.”

Paul of Aegina, Epitome: On the Fracture of the Thigh and Nose, late seventh century C.E.

Source 2:

“Medicine considers the human body as to the means by which it is cured and by which it is driven away from health. The knowledge of anything, since all things have causes, is not acquired or complete unless it is known by its causes. Therefore in medicine we ought to know the causes of sickness and health. And because health and sickness and their causes are sometimes manifest, and sometimes hidden and not to be comprehended except by the study of symptoms, we must also study the symptoms of health and disease. Now it is established in the sciences that no knowledge is acquired save through the study of its causes and beginnings, if it has had causes and beginnings; nor completed except by knowledge of its accidents and accompanying essentials.”

Ibn Sina (Avicenna), On Medicine, ca. 1020 C.E.

Which of the following characterizes both of the passages?

(A) A reliance upon supernatural understandings of physical phenomena
(B) A reliance upon reason and rationalistic understandings of physical phenomena
(C) A reliance upon abstract philosophical understandings of physical phenomena
(D) A reliance upon astrological understandings of physical phenomena
World History

What mode of writing developed in the Eastern Christian lands dominated by the Orthodox Church?

(A) The Latin alphabet
(B) Musical notation
(C) The Cyrillic alphabet
(D) The Polish syllabus
(E) The Latin numerical system.
World History

The first samples of ancient Chinese writing, found on crab shells and dating from the Shang dynasty, were used for:

(A) Trading records
(B) Diplomatic messages
(C) Legal records
(D) Poetry and Literature
(E) Prophecies
World History

Was was the main concern of neighbouring European monarchies following the French revolution?

(A) The spread of revolution in Europe
(B) The destruction of foreign property in France
(C) The violation of basic rights in France
(D) The possibility of a French invasion of Spain
(E) The execution of Louis XVI