World History

Source 1:

Map of the Mediterranean and Arab world, ca. 600–750 C.E. (with modern countries superimposed)

Source 2:
“After fighting three battles with the Romans, the Muslims conquered them. So when the chief men of the city saw these things, they went to Amr, and received a certificate of security for the city, that it might not be plundered. This kind of treaty which Muhammad, the chief of the Arabs, taught them, they called the Law; and he says with regard to it: “As for the province of Egypt and any city that agrees with its inhabitants to pay the land-tax to you and to submit to your authority, make a treaty with them, and do them no injury. But plunder and take as prisoners those that will not consent to this and resist you.” For this reason the Muslims kept their hands off the province and its inhabitants, but destroyed the nation of the Romans, and their general who was named Marianus. And those of the Romans who escaped fled to Alexandria, and shut its gates upon the Arabs, and fortified themselves within the city.”

“And in the year 360 of Diocletian [i.e. 644 C.E.], in the month of December, three years after Amr had taken possession of Memphis, the Muslims captured the city of Alexandria, and destroyed its walls, and burnt many churches with fire. And they burnt the church of Saint Mark, which was built by the sea, where his body was laid; and this was the place to which the father and patriarch, Peter the Martyr, went before his martyrdom, and blessed Saint Mark, and committed to him his reasonable flock, as he had received it. So they burnt this place and the monasteries around it….”

Sawirus ibn al-Muqaffa, History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria, ca. 1080 C.E.

Which of the following is a major difference between early Christian and early Muslim beliefs?

(A) A belief in one god
(B) A belief in the divinity of Jesus
(C) A belief in proselytization
(D) A belief in the importance of charity
World History

The United Nations typically stayed distant from Cold War conflicts between two of its members, the USA and the USSR, and their respective blocs, with the notable exception of:

(A) The Vietnam War
(B) The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan
(C) The Korean War
(D) The Hungarian Uprising
(E) The Chinese Civil War
World History

The Boxer Rebellion in China eventually turned its focus on what?

(A) The annexation of Korea
(B) The expulsion of foreigners
(C) The destruction of the Qin dynasty
(D) Revenge on the British Empire
(E) The establishment of an American-style democracy
World History

The Roman Empire first split into two halves, the Eastern Empire and the Western Empire under the rule of whom?

(A) Constantine
(B) Diocletia
(C) Augustus
(D) Hadrian
(E) Trajan
World History

In the 19th and 20th century, the empire of Austria-Hungary encountered many problems primarily as a result of what?

A. Nationalism
B. Economic contraction due to the loss of colonies
C. Violent Republicanism
D. Internal difficulties in the monarchy
E. An influx of immigrants from Eastern Europe
World History

“Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. But all this ease in our private relations does not make us lawless as citizens. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.”

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, ca. 415 B.C.E.

Which of the following correctly describes one of the primary reasons that Greek culture was disseminated widely around the Mediterranean region during the time period represented by the passage?

(A) The geography of Greece contains many natural resources that facilitated a profitable mining industry.
(B) The geography of Greece contains numerous freshwater lakes that facilitated a successful fishing industry.
(C) The geography of Greece contains prominent river valleys that facilitated widespread agriculture.
(D) The geography of Greece contains many natural harbors that facilitated trade and commerce.
World History

In the age of Imperialism, colonies were widely seen as what for countries?

(A) Symbols of tyranny
(B) Status symbols
(C) Backwaters
(D) Rebellious provinces
(E) Distractions
World History

The following quote most represents the ideals of what religion?

“Life is a series of natural and spontaneous changes. Don’t resist them – that only creates sorrow. Let reality be reality. Let things flow naturally forward in whatever way they like.”

(A) Sikhism
(B) Taoism
(C) Buddhism
(D) Shintoism
(E) Confucianism
World History

Renaissance humanism revived the study of what?

(A) The Classics
(B) Chemistry
(C) Oriental Philosophy
(D) Religion
(E) The Arts
World History

The Japanese invasion of East Asia in World War 2 paved the way for the independence of colonies located there mainly because:

(A) The colonies were left to defend their own self-interests after the Europeans failed to protect them.
(B) They destroyed a majority of the Pacific fleets of the European powers
(C) The Japanese turned out to be more oppressive than their previous rulers
(D) The major cities were ravaged by the Japanese in their retreat
(E) The British and the Americans introduced democratic ideas when they retook East Asia