World History

The first samples of ancient Chinese writing, found on crab shells and dating from the Shang dynasty, were used for:

(A) Trading records
(B) Diplomatic messages
(C) Legal records
(D) Poetry and Literature
(E) Prophecies
World History

The first samples of ancient Chinese writing, found on crab shells and dating from the Shang dynasty, were used for:

A. Trading records
B. Diplomatic messages
C. Legal records
D. Poetry and Literature
E. Prophecies
World History

Source 1:

Map of the Mediterranean and Arab world, ca. 600–750 C.E. (with modern countries superimposed)

Source 2:
“After fighting three battles with the Romans, the Muslims conquered them. So when the chief men of the city saw these things, they went to Amr, and received a certificate of security for the city, that it might not be plundered. This kind of treaty which Muhammad, the chief of the Arabs, taught them, they called the Law; and he says with regard to it: “As for the province of Egypt and any city that agrees with its inhabitants to pay the land-tax to you and to submit to your authority, make a treaty with them, and do them no injury. But plunder and take as prisoners those that will not consent to this and resist you.” For this reason the Muslims kept their hands off the province and its inhabitants, but destroyed the nation of the Romans, and their general who was named Marianus. And those of the Romans who escaped fled to Alexandria, and shut its gates upon the Arabs, and fortified themselves within the city.”

“And in the year 360 of Diocletian [i.e. 644 C.E.], in the month of December, three years after Amr had taken possession of Memphis, the Muslims captured the city of Alexandria, and destroyed its walls, and burnt many churches with fire. And they burnt the church of Saint Mark, which was built by the sea, where his body was laid; and this was the place to which the father and patriarch, Peter the Martyr, went before his martyrdom, and blessed Saint Mark, and committed to him his reasonable flock, as he had received it. So they burnt this place and the monasteries around it….”

Sawirus ibn al-Muqaffa, History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria, ca. 1080 C.E.

The shaded portions of the map shown in Source 1 indicate which of the following?

(A) The extent of the Roman Empire during its peak geographic reach
(B) The extent of the Byzantine Empire during the years of the Crusades
(C) The extent of the Arab conquest during the years during and after the life of Muhammad
(D) The extent of Sassanid-controlled territory during Persia’s peak geographic reach
World History

The prosperous African empires of Songhai and Mali incorporated local beliefs into what major religion?

(A) Christianity
(B) Buddhism
(C)  Judaism
(D) Islam
(E) Hinduism
World History

“Upon their arrival they were honorably and graciously received by the grand Khan, in a full assembly of his principal officers. When they drew nigh to his person, they paid their respects by prostrating themselves on the floor. He immediately commanded them to rise, and to relate to him the circumstances of their travels, with all that had taken place in their negotiation with his holiness the pope. To their narrative, which they gave in the regular order of events, and delivered in perspicuous language, he listened with attentive silence. The letters and the presents from pope Gregory were then laid before him, and, upon hearing the former read, he bestowed much commendation on the fidelity, the zeal, and the diligence of his ambassadors; and receiving with due reverence the oil from the holy sepulchre, he gave directions that it should be preserved with religious care. Upon his observing Marco Polo, and inquiring who he was, Nicolo made answer, This is your servant, and my son; upon which the grand Khan replied, “He is welcome, and it pleases me much,” and he caused him to be enrolled amongst his attendants of honor. And on account of their return he made a great feast and rejoicing; and as long as the said brothers and Marco remained in the court of the grand Khan, they were honored even above his own courtiers. Marco was held in high estimation and respect by all belonging to the court. He learnt in a short time and adopted the manners of the Tartars, and acquired a proficiency in four different languages, which he became qualified to read and write.”

Marco Polo’s Travels, ca. 1300 C.E.

Which of the following best characterizes one way in which the Mongol Empire was very different from the other major empires of the ancient and medieval worlds?

(A) The Mongols generally ignored or assimilated to the cultural identities of the people whom they conquered.
(B) The Mongols often took over territory without major destruction or bloodshed.
(C) The Mongols imposed their religious beliefs on the people whom they conquered.
(D) The Mongols had little interest in trading with their geographic neighbors.
World History

Japanese emperors are traditionally seen by the Japanese people as:

(A) The emissaries of celestial spirits on Earth
(B) Descendants of Amaterasu
(C) Nature spirits in flesh
(D) Warrior-Lords upon whom they rely on for protection
(E) Rulers by virtue of the military successes of their ancestors.
World History

What city served as a repository for Hellenistic culture in the time of the Roman Republic and Empire, until its library was burned down?

A. Carthage
B. Kiev
C. Jerusalem
D. Baghdad
E. Alexandria
World History

What battle in the 7th century halted the Muslim advance and preserved Christian Europe?

(A) The Battle of Tours
(B) The Battle of Manresa
(C) The Fall of Granada
(D)  The Battle of Lepanto
(E) The Capture of Acre
World History

What mode of writing developed in the Eastern Christian lands dominated by the Orthodox Church?

(A) The Latin alphabet
(B) Musical notation
(C) The Cyrillic alphabet
(D) The Polish syllabus
(E) The Latin numerical system.
World History

Ziggurats in ancient Mesopotamia mainly served as:

(A) Grain storages
(B) Places of Worship
(C) Tombs for Kings
(D) Palaces for Kings
(E) Homes for nobles