World History

Which of the following is considered as the world’s oldest continually used religious text?

(A) The Rig veda
(B) The Old Testament
(C) The Amhitaba
(D) The Sama veda
(E) The Analects
World History

Japanese emperors are traditionally seen by the Japanese people as:

(A) The emissaries of celestial spirits on Earth
(B) Descendants of Amaterasu
(C) Nature spirits in flesh
(D) Warrior-Lords upon whom they rely on for protection
(E) Rulers by virtue of the military successes of their ancestors.
World History

Source 1

Reconstruction of the Aztec Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Source 2:

“This great city contains a large number of temples, or houses, for their idols, very handsome edifices, which are situated in the different districts and the suburbs; in the principal ones religious persons of each particular sect are constantly residing, for whose use, besides the houses containing the idols, there are other convenient habitations. All these persons dress in black, and never cut or comb their hair from the time they enter the priesthood until they leave it; and all the sons of the principal inhabitants, both nobles and respectable citizens, are placed in the temples and wear the same dress from the age of seven or eight years until they are taken out to be married; which occurs more frequently with the first-born who inherit estates than with the others. The priests are debarred from female society, nor is any woman permitted to enter the religious houses. They also abstain from eating certain kinds of food, more at some seasons of the year than others.

Among these temples there is one which far surpasses all the rest, whose grandeur of architectural details no human tongue is able to describe; for within its precincts, surrounded by a lofty wall, there is room enough for a town of five hundred families. Around the interior of the enclosure there are handsome edifices, containing large halls and corridors, in which the religious persons attached to the temple reside. There are fully forty towers, which are lofty and well built, the largest of which has fifty steps leading to its main body, and is higher than the tower of the principal tower of the church at Seville. The stone and wood of which they are constructed are so well wrought in every part, that nothing could be better done, for the interior of the chapels containing the idols consists of curious imagery, wrought in stone, with plaster ceilings, and wood-work carved in relief, and painted with figures of monsters and other objects. All these towers are the burial places of the nobles, and every chapel in them is dedicated to a particular idol, to which they pay their devotions.”

Hernan Cortés, Second Letter to Charles V, ca. 1520

Which of the following describes the primary motivation of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire?

(A) A desire to convert native populations to European cultural practices
(B) A desire to establish trade networks in South America
(C) A desire to establish permanent agricultural lands
(D) A desire to acquire gold and spices
World History

After incursions into eastern Europe, early Islamic philosophy was greatly influenced by:

(A) Catholic Theology
(B) Christian Mysticism
(C) Greek Classics
(D) Germanic Culture
(E) Slavic Literature
World History

Which of the following countries remained in the fold of the Catholic Church despite the religious upheavals in the time of the reformation?

(A) The Netherlands
(B) England
(C) Russia
(D) Greece
(E) Spain
World History

In the 19th and 20th century, the empire of Austria-Hungary encountered many problems primarily as a result of what?

(A) Nationalism
(B) Economic contraction due to the loss of colonies
(C) Violent Republicanism
(D) Internal difficulties in the monarchy
(E) An influx of immigrants from Eastern Europe
World History

Source 1

Reconstruction of the Aztec Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Source 2:

“This great city contains a large number of temples, or houses, for their idols, very handsome edifices, which are situated in the different districts and the suburbs; in the principal ones religious persons of each particular sect are constantly residing, for whose use, besides the houses containing the idols, there are other convenient habitations. All these persons dress in black, and never cut or comb their hair from the time they enter the priesthood until they leave it; and all the sons of the principal inhabitants, both nobles and respectable citizens, are placed in the temples and wear the same dress from the age of seven or eight years until they are taken out to be married; which occurs more frequently with the first-born who inherit estates than with the others. The priests are debarred from female society, nor is any woman permitted to enter the religious houses. They also abstain from eating certain kinds of food, more at some seasons of the year than others.

Among these temples there is one which far surpasses all the rest, whose grandeur of architectural details no human tongue is able to describe; for within its precincts, surrounded by a lofty wall, there is room enough for a town of five hundred families. Around the interior of the enclosure there are handsome edifices, containing large halls and corridors, in which the religious persons attached to the temple reside. There are fully forty towers, which are lofty and well built, the largest of which has fifty steps leading to its main body, and is higher than the tower of the principal tower of the church at Seville. The stone and wood of which they are constructed are so well wrought in every part, that nothing could be better done, for the interior of the chapels containing the idols consists of curious imagery, wrought in stone, with plaster ceilings, and wood-work carved in relief, and painted with figures of monsters and other objects. All these towers are the burial places of the nobles, and every chapel in them is dedicated to a particular idol, to which they pay their devotions.”

Hernan Cortés, Second Letter to Charles V, ca. 1520

Which of the following was an Aztec practice that took place at temples, such as that depicted in Source 1, and highly disturbed the Spanish conquistadors?

(A) Human sacrifice
(B) Grain storage
(C) Burial rites
(D) Trade and commerce
World History

Source 1:

Source 2:
“Are you a man? Then you should have an human heart. But have you indeed? What is your heart made of? Is there no such principle as compassion there? Do you never feel another’s pain? Have you no sympathy? No sense of human woe? No pity for the miserable? When you saw the flowing eyes, the heaving breasts, the bleeding sides and tortured limbs of your fellow-creatures, was you a stone, or a brute? Did you look upon them with the eyes of a tiger? When you squeezed the agonizing creatures down in the ship, or when you threw their poor mangled remains into the sea, had you no relenting? Did not one tear drop from your eye, one sigh escape from your breast? Do you feel no relenting now? If you do not, you must go on, till the measure of your iniquities is full. Then will the great GOD deal with you, as you have dealt with them, and require all their blood at your hands.”

Excerpt courtesy of the Rare Book Collection, Wilson Special Collections Library, UNC-Chapel Hill.

John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery, 1774

Which of the following most accurately depicts the historical context of the movements of goods and people (Source 1) during the centuries of transatlantic trade?

(A) Slaves to the Americas; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Africa
(B) Slaves to Africa; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to the Americas
(C) Cotton, sugar, and tobacco to the Americas; slaves to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Africa
(D) Slaves to the Americas; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Africa; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Europe
World History

The beginning of Nikita Khrushchev’s rule in the Soviet Union makes a drastic in change in Soviet foreign policy, from an aggressive and direct expansion of communism under Stalin into what?

(A) Peaceful Coexistence
(B) Detente
(C) Glasnost
(D) MAD
(E) Perestroika
World History

The following quote most represents the ideals of what religion?

“Life is a series of natural and spontaneous changes. Don’t resist them – that only creates sorrow. Let reality be reality. Let things flow naturally forward in whatever way they like.”

(A) Sikhism
(B) Taoism
(C) Buddhism
(D) Shintoism
(E) Confucianism