World History

The line below was said in the opening speech of a conference in 1955 that offered an organizational alternative to either the Soviet or American sides in the form of the Non-Aligned Movement.

“It is a new departure in the history of the world that leaders of African and Asian peoples can meet together to discuss and deliberate upon matters of common concern. Only a few decades ago it was necessary to travel to other countries and even continents before the spokesmen of our people could confer.”

In which city and country was this conference held?

(A) New Delhi, India
(B) Bandung, Indonesia
(C) Brussels, Belgium
(D) Cairo, Egypt
(E) Johannesburg, South Africa
World History

In the 19th and 20th century, the empire of Austria-Hungary encountered many problems primarily as a result of what?

A. Nationalism
B. Economic contraction due to the loss of colonies
C. Violent Republicanism
D. Internal difficulties in the monarchy
E. An influx of immigrants from Eastern Europe
World History

Which event in the 20th century is widely seen as the point that marked the United Kingdom’s end as a superpower, in light of its inability to pursue its own foreign policy?

(A) The Fall of France
(B) The Munich Conference
(C) The Falkland Wars
(D) The Suez Crisis
(E) The liberation of India
World History

What development allowed for the rapid spread of knowledge during the Renaissance?

(A) The Modern Alphabet
(B) The Stirrup
(C) Paper
(D) The Printing Press
(E) The Galleon
World History

Cuneiform tablet containing an administrative account of barley distribution, ca. 3100-2900 B.C.E.

Which of the following geographic features was a primary factor that enabled the Sumerians to farm crops such as the barley mentioned in the administrative account shown above?

(A) The river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates
(B) The mountains of the Hindu Kush
(C) The Nile Delta
(D) The deserts of the Arabian peninsula
World History

The United Nations typically stayed distant from Cold War conflicts between two of its members, the USA and the USSR, and their respective blocs, with the notable exception of:

(A) The Vietnam War
(B) The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan
(C) The Korean War
(D) The Hungarian Uprising
(E) The Chinese Civil War
World History

“Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. But all this ease in our private relations does not make us lawless as citizens. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.”

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, ca. 415 B.C.E.

According to the passage, which of the following is a characteristic of classical Greek democracy?

(A) The weighing of individual accomplishment above financial status
(B) The imitation of neighboring states’ laws and principles
(C) The ability of average people to overthrow leaders with whom they disagree
(D) The justice system’s protection of the injured only through explicitly written legal codes
World History

What was one major difference between the Han and Roman Empires during their respective peaks?

(A) The Romans built extensive road and trade networks, while the Han relied only on traditional river transport through major rivers like the Yangtze.
(B) The Romans employed armies that were made up purely of mercenaries from barbarian lands.
(C) The Romans gave away citizenship to other peoples, while the Han had a vastly different concept of “citizenship” which was more reliant on culture and ethnicity.
(D) The Han used walls and fortifications to defend the outer reaches of their empire while the Romans relied on local militia organised by their army.
(E) The Han used an extensive bureaucracy to manage their empire while the Romans relied on locally elected councils of non-citizens in the provinces, as in Greek city states.
World History

What facilitated the exchange of goods between the orient and the west in the middle ages up to the early renaissance?

(A) Pax Romana
(B) The Mongolian Rule over Eurasia
(C) Arabian domination of North Africa
(D) Russian trade routes
(E) British ports in East Asia
World History

The Ottoman Empire employed the use of elite slave soldiers, often taken during childhood from Christian families. What were they called?

A. Hindustans
B. Janissaries
C. Sassanids
D. Rashiduns
E. Fatimids