Logic & Reasoning

A Tiebreaker is an additional contest or period of play designed to establish a winner among tied contestants. Which situation below is the best example of a Tiebreaker?

a. At halftime, the score is tied at 28.
b. Mary and Megan have each scored three goals in the game.
c. The referee tosses a coin to decide which team will have possession of the ball first.
d. The Sharks and the Bears each finished with 14 points, and they are now battling it out in a five-minute overtime.
United States History

By 1920 the United States had acquired partial or total control over all the following EXCEPT:

(A) the Canal Zone
(B) Puerto Rico
(C) China
(D) the Philippines
(E) Guam
United States History

Which of the following social classes did NOT make up a significant part of Southern society?

(A) Wealthy planters
(B) Immigrants
(C) Slaves
(D) Small farmers
(E) Poor whites

Because she believed strongly that education was important for women as for men, Abigail Adams was unhappy that she had not been allowed to receive the classical education accorded to the males of her time.

(A) Because she believed strongly that education was
(B) Because of believing strongly in education as
(C) Believing strongly that education was as
(D) In believing strongly in education as
(E) While she believed strongly that education was
World History

The fragmented nature of Ancient Greece could be best attributed to:

(A) The Persian Invasion
(B) Its geography
(C) Its religion
(D) Its language
(E) Macedonia
World History

Source 1:

Source 2:
“Are you a man? Then you should have an human heart. But have you indeed? What is your heart made of? Is there no such principle as compassion there? Do you never feel another’s pain? Have you no sympathy? No sense of human woe? No pity for the miserable? When you saw the flowing eyes, the heaving breasts, the bleeding sides and tortured limbs of your fellow-creatures, was you a stone, or a brute? Did you look upon them with the eyes of a tiger? When you squeezed the agonizing creatures down in the ship, or when you threw their poor mangled remains into the sea, had you no relenting? Did not one tear drop from your eye, one sigh escape from your breast? Do you feel no relenting now? If you do not, you must go on, till the measure of your iniquities is full. Then will the great GOD deal with you, as you have dealt with them, and require all their blood at your hands.”

Excerpt courtesy of the Rare Book Collection, Wilson Special Collections Library, UNC-Chapel Hill.

John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery, 1774

Which of the following most accurately depicts the historical context of the movements of goods and people (Source 1) during the centuries of transatlantic trade?

(A) Slaves to the Americas; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Africa
(B) Slaves to Africa; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to the Americas
(C) Cotton, sugar, and tobacco to the Americas; slaves to Europe; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Africa
(D) Slaves to the Americas; cotton, sugar, and tobacco to Africa; textiles, rum, and raw goods to Europe

There has been much interest in dreams throughout the ages. The empirical, scientific study of dreams is relatively new.

a. Despite much interest in dreams throughout the ages, the empirical, scientific study of dreams being relatively new.
b. There has been much interest in dreams throughout the ages, yet the empirical, scientific study of dreams is relatively new.
c. While much interest in dreams throughout the ages, although the empirical, scientific study of dreams is relatively new.
d. There has been much interest in dreams throughout the ages, for the empirical, scientific study of dreams is relatively new.
World History

Source 1

Reconstruction of the Aztec Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Source 2:

“This great city contains a large number of temples, or houses, for their idols, very handsome edifices, which are situated in the different districts and the suburbs; in the principal ones religious persons of each particular sect are constantly residing, for whose use, besides the houses containing the idols, there are other convenient habitations. All these persons dress in black, and never cut or comb their hair from the time they enter the priesthood until they leave it; and all the sons of the principal inhabitants, both nobles and respectable citizens, are placed in the temples and wear the same dress from the age of seven or eight years until they are taken out to be married; which occurs more frequently with the first-born who inherit estates than with the others. The priests are debarred from female society, nor is any woman permitted to enter the religious houses. They also abstain from eating certain kinds of food, more at some seasons of the year than others.

Among these temples there is one which far surpasses all the rest, whose grandeur of architectural details no human tongue is able to describe; for within its precincts, surrounded by a lofty wall, there is room enough for a town of five hundred families. Around the interior of the enclosure there are handsome edifices, containing large halls and corridors, in which the religious persons attached to the temple reside. There are fully forty towers, which are lofty and well built, the largest of which has fifty steps leading to its main body, and is higher than the tower of the principal tower of the church at Seville. The stone and wood of which they are constructed are so well wrought in every part, that nothing could be better done, for the interior of the chapels containing the idols consists of curious imagery, wrought in stone, with plaster ceilings, and wood-work carved in relief, and painted with figures of monsters and other objects. All these towers are the burial places of the nobles, and every chapel in them is dedicated to a particular idol, to which they pay their devotions.”

Hernan Cortés, Second Letter to Charles V, ca. 1520

Which of the following describes the primary motivation of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire?

(A) A desire to convert native populations to European cultural practices
(B) A desire to establish trade networks in South America
(C) A desire to establish permanent agricultural lands
(D) A desire to acquire gold and spices

My neighbor is deathly afraid of dogs; ___________, I never let my Golden Retriever, Sandy, outside without a leash.

a. moreover
b. yet
c. mainly
d. consequently
United States History

2015 AP U.S. History Practice Exam Multiple-Choice Questions 46

Questions 45 – 47 refer to the excerpt below.

“There is, at present, no danger of another insurrection against the authority of the United States on a large scale, and the people are willing to reconstruct their State governments, and to send their senators and representatives to Congress. But as to the moral value of these results, we must not indulge in any delusions. . . . [T]here is, as yet, among the southern people an utter absence of national feeling. . . . “Aside from the assumption that the Negro will not work without physical compulsion, there appears to be another popular notion… that the Negro exists for the special object of raising cotton, rice and sugar for the whites, and that it is illegitimate for him to indulge, like other people, in the pursuit of his own happiness in his own way.”

Carl Schurz, Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

The attitudes of White Southerners described by Schurz contributed to which of the following developments in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?

(A) The sale of most plantations to African Americans to keep them in the South
(B) The establishment of sharecropping throughout the South
(C) The Nullification Crisis caused by Southern resistance to federal policy
(D) The rise of the Whig Party in the South