World History

Source 1

Reconstruction of the Aztec Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Source 2:

“This great city contains a large number of temples, or houses, for their idols, very handsome edifices, which are situated in the different districts and the suburbs; in the principal ones religious persons of each particular sect are constantly residing, for whose use, besides the houses containing the idols, there are other convenient habitations. All these persons dress in black, and never cut or comb their hair from the time they enter the priesthood until they leave it; and all the sons of the principal inhabitants, both nobles and respectable citizens, are placed in the temples and wear the same dress from the age of seven or eight years until they are taken out to be married; which occurs more frequently with the first-born who inherit estates than with the others. The priests are debarred from female society, nor is any woman permitted to enter the religious houses. They also abstain from eating certain kinds of food, more at some seasons of the year than others.

Among these temples there is one which far surpasses all the rest, whose grandeur of architectural details no human tongue is able to describe; for within its precincts, surrounded by a lofty wall, there is room enough for a town of five hundred families. Around the interior of the enclosure there are handsome edifices, containing large halls and corridors, in which the religious persons attached to the temple reside. There are fully forty towers, which are lofty and well built, the largest of which has fifty steps leading to its main body, and is higher than the tower of the principal tower of the church at Seville. The stone and wood of which they are constructed are so well wrought in every part, that nothing could be better done, for the interior of the chapels containing the idols consists of curious imagery, wrought in stone, with plaster ceilings, and wood-work carved in relief, and painted with figures of monsters and other objects. All these towers are the burial places of the nobles, and every chapel in them is dedicated to a particular idol, to which they pay their devotions.”

Hernan Cortés, Second Letter to Charles V, ca. 1520

Which of the following was an Aztec practice that took place at temples, such as that depicted in Source 1, and highly disturbed the Spanish conquistadors?

(A) Human sacrifice
(B) Grain storage
(C) Burial rites
(D) Trade and commerce
English

Racha’s glance was a ______ invitation to speak later in private about events of the meeting.

a. trecherous
b. scintillating
c. tactful
d. tacit
e. taboo
English

Most species of the bacterium Streptococcus are harmless. Some species of Streptococcus are dangerous pathogens.

a. Whereas most species of the bacterium Streptococcus are harmless, some are dangerous pathogens.
b. Since most species of the bacterium Streptococcus are harmless, some are dangerous pathogens.
c. As most species of the bacterium Streptococcus are harmless, some are dangerous pathogens.
d. Because most species of the bacterium Streptococcus are harmless, some are dangerous pathogens.
World History

“Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. But all this ease in our private relations does not make us lawless as citizens. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.”

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, ca. 415 B.C.E.

During the time period in which this text was written, who was allowed to participate in the Greek democratic process?

(A) All adult men born within the geographic boundaries of the state
(B)  All adult men and women born within the geographic boundaries of the state
(C) All adult men who were citizens of the state by birth
(D) All adult men and women who were citizens of the state by birth
Biology

An original cell replicates its DNA. The cell undergoes mitosis and cell division, and one of the daughter cells replicates its DNA. Which of these BEST describes the DNA of the second-generation daughter cells?

(A) One of the cells will contain DNA consisting of one strand from the original cell.
(B) One of the cells will contain DNA consisting of two strands from the original cell.
(C) Both of the cells will contain DNA consisting of one strand from the original cell.
(D) Both of the cells will contain DNA consisting of two strands from the original cell.
(E) Neither of the cells will contain DNA consisting of strands from the original cell.
United States History

What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?

(A) To support democracy all over the world
(B) To ally the United States with European interests
(C) To encourage Latin American revolutionaries to rise up against the European colonial powers
(D) To warn European nations not to invade or colonize the western hemisphere
(E) To declare American neutrality in relations between Latin America and Europe
English

When you first meet someone, you usually shake them ……. the hand.

(a) with
(b) on
(c) in
(d) by
English

In many cases, the formerly ——- origins of diseases have now been identified through modern scientific echniques.

(A) insightful
(B) mysterious
(C) cruel
(D) notable
(E) useful