English

In the sixteenth century, the forests were destroyed in Britain, which meant not only a shortage of the most important building material of the time, but also a fuel shortage.

(A) the forests were destroyed in Britain, which meant not only a shortage
(B) the forests in Britain were destroyed, which meant a shortage not only
(C) the forests were destroyed in Britain, meaning a shortage not only
(D) destruction of the forests in Britain meant not only a shortage
(E) destruction of the forests in Britain meant a shortage not only
  1. Correct Answer: D

    Explanation:

    Skill: Managing phrases and clauses in a sentence

    Explanation for Correct Answer D :

    Choice (D) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by making clear that the subject of the verb “meant” is the entire clause “destruction of the forests in Britain.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

    Choice (A) involves unclear pronoun reference. The pronoun “which” could refer to either the noun “Britain” or to the entire clause “the forests…Britain.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

    Choice (B) involves an error in parallelism. The grammatical units following both parts of the correlative construction “not only…but also” must be parallel, but they are not. A prepositional phrase (“of the most…time”) follows “not only,” while a noun phrase (“a fuel shortage”) follows “but also.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

    Choice (C) involves an error in parallelism. The grammatical units following both parts of the correlative construction “not only… but also” must be parallel, but they are not. A prepositional phrase (“of the most…time”) follows “not only,” while a noun phrase (“a fuel shortage”) follows “but also.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) involves an error in parallelism. The grammatical units following both parts of the correlative construction “not only…but also” must be parallel, but they are not. A prepositional phrase (“of the most…time”) follows “not only,” while a noun phrase (“a fuel shortage”) follows “but also.”

Test ID: 1443
Source: SAT Practice Test