English

In 1777, when news reached Colonel Ludington that the town of Danbury, Connecticut, was being looted and burned by British troops, his daughter Sybil rode forty miles through the night so that the soldiers of her father’s regiment had been alerted to the danger.

(A) so that the soldiers of her father’s regiment had been alerted
(B) so that the soldiers of her father’s regiment may be alerted
(C) alerting the soldiers of her father’s regiment
(D) and alerting the soldiers of her father’s regiment
(E) for alerting the soldiers of her father’s regiment
  1. Correct Answer: C

    Explanation:

    Skill: Managing phrases and clauses in a sentence

    Explanation for Correct Answer C :

    Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by using a participial phrase (“alerting…regiment”) instead of a shift in verb tense.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

    Choice (A) involves an error in verb tense. Nothing in the sentence calls for the verb tense to shift from simple past (“reached,” “looted,” “burned,” “rode”) to past perfect tense (“had been alerted”).

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

    Choice (B) involves an error in verb tense. Nothing in the sentence calls for the verb tense to shift from simple past (“reached,” “looted,” “burned,” “rode”) to the conditional (“may be alerted”).

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

    Choice (D) involves an error in verb tense. Nothing in the sentence calls for the verb to shift from simple past tense (“reached,” “looted,” “burned,” “rode”) to present progressive tense (“and alerting”).

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) involves improper phrasing. The cause-and-effect explanation of the sentence (why Sybil rode) would be properly shown by the infinitive “to alert,” not by the prepositional phrase “for alerting.”

Test ID: 1423
Source: SAT Practice Test