English

He ——- the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such ——- also deserved to be treated courteously.

(A) decried . . adulation
(B) defended . . adoration
(C) endorsed . . brusqueness
(D) ignored . . effrontery
(E) vilified . . disdain
  1. Correct Answer: A

    Explanation:

    Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

    Explanation for Correct Answer A :

    Choice (A) is correct. “Decried” means attacked or condemned; “adulation” means extreme admiration. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “He decried the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such adulation also deserved to be treated courteously.” The speaker “argued” in defense of people who are harassed by autograph seekers, so it makes sense to say that he “decried” autograph-seekers, whose aggressive actions stem from “adulation,” or admiration.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

    Choice (B) is incorrect. “Defended” means supported; “adoration” is great love or high regard. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “He defended the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such adoration also deserved to be treated courteously.” It is unlikely that the speaker would “defend” people who were disrespectful to those who deserve courteous treatment.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

    Choice (C) is incorrect. “Endorsed” means approved or supported; “brusqueness” means ungracious harshness. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “He endorsed the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such brusqueness also deserved to be treated courteously.” It is illogical to claim that people who deserve courteous treatment also merit “brusqueness,” or harshness.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

    Choice (D) is incorrect. “Ignored” means paid no attention to, and “effrontery” is insolence or shameless boldness. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “He ignored the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such effrontery also deserved to be treated courteously.” It is illogical to say that the same people deserve to be treated with courtesy and with insolence. Furthermore, someone who “ignores” a group of people would not likely “argue” about their actions.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) is incorrect. “Vilified” means slandered or disrespected; “disdain” is contempt. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “He vilified the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such disdain also deserved to be treated courteously.” It is unlikely that someone deserving courtesy would also merit contempt.

Test ID: 1285
Source: SAT Critical Reading Practice Tests