English

Records documenting the presence of Africans among the crews of explorers like Christopher Columbus ——- the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.

(A) create
(B) illustrate
(C) compromise
(D) overlook
(E) modify
  1. Correct Answer: B

    Explanation:

    Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

    Explanation for Correct Answer B :

    Choice (B) is correct. “Illustrate” means to show or prove. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Records documenting the presence of Africans among the crews of explorers like Christopher Columbus illustrate the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.” Records indicating that Africans took part in early explorations of the Americas would indeed “illustrate,” or show, the long-standing presence that Africans have had in this part of the world.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

    Choice (A) is incorrect. “Create” means to produce or make. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Records documenting the presence of Africans among the crews of explorers like Christopher Columbus create the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.” It is illogical to claim that the historical documents themselves created “the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

    Choice (C) is incorrect. “Compromise” means to adjust or settle by making concessions. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Records documenting the presence of Africans among the crews of explorers like Christopher Columbus compromise the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.” The fact that Africans have had a historical presence in the Americas cannot be “compromised,” or adjusted, by historical records.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

    Choice (D) is incorrect. “Overlook” means to ignore. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Records documenting the presence of Africans among the crews of explorers like Christopher Columbus overlook the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.” The term “documenting” directly counters the claim that the records ignored the early African presence in the Americas.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) is incorrect. “Modify” means to make changes in. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Records documenting the presence of Africans among the crews of explorers like Christopher Columbus modify the antiquity of the African presence in the Americas.” Historical records showing that Africans took part in early explorations could not have actually “modified,” or changed, the fact that Africans have a long-standing presence in the Americas.

Test ID: 1293
Source: SAT Critical Reading Practice Tests