English

Any biographer of this playwright, who assumed an elaborate public facade in order to conceal private concerns, must examine the impulse behind such ——-.

(A) artifice
(B) joviality
(C) conceit
(D) disbelief
(E) erudition
  1. Correct Answer: A

    Explanation:

    Skill: Determining the meaning of words

    Explanation for Correct Answer A :

    Choice (A) is correct. “Artifice” in this context means false or insincere behavior. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Any biographer of this playwright, who assumed an elaborate public facade in order to conceal private concerns, must examine the impulse behind such artifice.” The word “such” indicates that the missing term describes the playwright’s tendency to present a “facade,” or false appearance. These attempts to mislead the public are an example of social “artifice.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

    Choice (B) is incorrect. “Joviality” means cheerfulness. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Any biographer of this playwright, who assumed an elaborate public facade in order to conceal private concerns, must examine the impulse behind such joviality.” Although the playwright’s “elaborate public facade” may have been a mask of false cheerfulness, there is not enough information in the sentence to support such a claim.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

    Choice (C) is incorrect. “Conceit” means high opinion of one’s own worth. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Any biographer of this playwright, who assumed an elaborate public facade in order to conceal private concerns, must examine the impulse behind such conceit.” There is no indication that the playwright’s behavior was motivated by “conceit.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

    Choice (D) is incorrect. “Disbelief” means strong doubt. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Any biographer of this playwright, who assumed an elaborate public facade in order to conceal private concerns, must examine the impulse behind such disbelief.” There is no inherent link between the playwright’s public persona and “disbelief.”

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) is incorrect. “Erudition” means extensive scholarly knowledge. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Any biographer of this playwright, who assumed an elaborate public facade in order to conceal private concerns, must examine the impulse behind such erudition.” It makes little sense to claim that the playwright’s superficial facade is an example of “erudition.”

Test ID: 1233
Source: SAT Critical Reading Practice Tests