English

Conflicting standards for allowable radiation levels in foods made ——- appraisals of the damage to crops following the reactor meltdown extremely difficult.

(A) reliable
(B) private
(C) intrusive
(D) conscious
(E) inflated
  1. Correct Answer: A

    Explanation:

    Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

    Explanation for Correct Answer A :

    Choice (A) is correct. “Reliable” means dependable. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Conflicting standards for allowable radiation levels in foods made reliable appraisals of the damage to crops following the reactor meltdown extremely difficult.” It makes sense that “conflicting,” or inconsistent, standards would affect the dependability of “appraisals” or estimates.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

    Choice (B) is incorrect. “Private” means personal or restricted. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Conflicting standards for allowable radiation levels in foods made private appraisals of the damage to crops following the reactor meltdown extremely difficult.” There is no support for the claim that “conflicting standards” would interfere with appraisals being made privately.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

    Choice (C) is incorrect. “Intrusive” means unwelcome or uninvited. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Conflicting standards for allowable radiation levels in foods made intrusive appraisals of the damage to crops following the reactor meltdown extremely difficult.” There is no reason to believe that the appraisals of crop damage were unwelcome.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

    Choice (D) is incorrect. Something that is “conscious” is done with critical awareness. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Conflicting standards for allowable radiation levels in foods made conscious appraisals of the damage to crops following the reactor meltdown extremely difficult.” The term “conscious” is unnecessary in this context because all appraisals require thought or awareness.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) is incorrect. “Inflated” means abnormally expanded. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read “Conflicting standards for allowable radiation levels in foods made inflated appraisals of the damage to crops following the reactor meltdown extremely difficult.” An absence of universally accepted standards suggests that it would be easier, rather than more difficult, to make “inflated appraisals.”

Test ID: 1237
Source: SAT Critical Reading Practice Tests