English

In a society that abhors ——-, the nonconformist is persistently ——-.

(A) creativity . . glorified
(B) rebelliousness . . suppressed
(C) insurgency . . heeded
(D) smugness . . persecuted
(E) stagnation . . denigrated
  1. Correct Answer: B

    Explanation:

    Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

    Explanation for Correct Answer B :

    Choice (B) is correct. “Rebelliousness” means defiance, and “suppressed” means put down by authority or force. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “In a society that abhors rebelliousness, the nonconformist is persistently suppressed.” A “nonconformist” is someone who defies rules, so it makes sense that a society that “abhors,” or hates, defiance would “suppress” such an individual.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

    Choice (A) is incorrect. “Creativity” means imagination, and “glorified” means praised. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “In a society that abhors creativity, the nonconformist is persistently glorified.” There is no logical reason why a society that hates imagination would praise nonconformity, since the two are closely related.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

    Choice (C) is incorrect. “Insurgency” means rebellion, and “heeded” means listened to. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “In a society that abhors insurgency, the nonconformist is persistently heeded.” It is highly unlikely that people who hate rebellion would listen to someone who defies society’s rules.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

    Choice (D) is incorrect. “Smugness” means self-satisfaction, and “persecuted” means harassed. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “In a society that abhors smugness, the nonconformist is persistently persecuted.” Nonconformists are not necessarily self-satisfied, so such a society would have little reason to harass them.

    Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

    Choice (E) is incorrect. “Stagnation” means lack of movement, and “denigrated” means devalued. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read “In a society that abhors stagnation, the nonconformist is persistently denigrated.” A nonconformist would not be devalued in this society; people who defy rules tend to be active rather than “stagnant.”

Test ID: 1243
Source: SAT Critical Reading Practice Tests