United States History

In the late 1870s, the Republican Party was divided primarily over the issue of

(A) the gold standard
(B) civil-service reform
(C) racial segregation
(D) women’s rights
(E) raising taxes
  1. Correct Answer: B


    Republicans either supported civil-service reform or opposed it. Since this issue directly affected who would hold government jobs, it was important to the political party and caused a split when the two sides could not agree.

Test ID: 1629
Source: SAT Practice Test